Karneid Castle lies in the foothills of the Dolomites in Southern Tyrol overlooking the historic town of Bozen. The core of the building stems from around 1200 CE and probably stands on the ruins of an earlier watchtower. The original builders are unknown and over the centuries many families have owned the fief, the most prominent of whom were the Counts von Liechtenstein-Kastelkorn who occupied Karneid from 1386 until 1761.
In 1884 Baron Ferdinand von Miller, a successful Bavarian artisan & entrepreneur bought and restored the castle. Today it is owned by his descendants and is one of the last intact, privately owned medieval fortresses in South Tirol. The castle plays an important role in the life of the local community and is partially open to visitors in summer.